Community-Scale Water Sovereignty: Part I

Muntilun, Central Java

Left: A water runoff and defecation fishpond in Bali built by a Javanese farmer, characteristic of traditional water management systems in Central Java. Right: A pond in Bali used to store and filter water runoff, built using an adaptation of traditional methods: clay, manure and rice husk mixed with cement.

Wonogiri, Central Java

Left: A sign above the cave, illustrating the workings of the solar-powered pump. Right: the adjacent mountaintop fields in Giritirto.


Junction boxes along the major irrigation channels direct water flow to rice fields. Photo: Beat Foundation
Tirta Empul, one of Bali’s largest and holiest water temples, through which subak water passes on its way to fields downstream. Photo by Burmesedays on Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA 4.0)
The Babahan Subak Association in Tabanan, Bali, maintains a gathering site in the rice fields for visitors to learn about the history, culture, and practice of the subak system. The structure is built above a fish hatchery pond to demonstrate that buildings need not take agricultural land out of production.



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